Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is the state-sanctioned practice of killing a person as a punishment for a crime. The sentence ordering that an offender is to be punished in such a manner is known as a death sentence, and the act of carrying out the sentence is known as łајаłьен (rajarqen) /ɹajaɹqen/, an execution. Crimes that are punishable by death are known as capital crimes, off which Illte has only two; for usury, and for unlawful suffering.
For more general info check out Capital punishment on Wikipedia
Usury, the act of earning money on money, also known as interest, was outlawed by King Zara in 398 a.Q. The act of usury was the first law to introduce capital punishment as a mandatory sentence for a prescribed crime.
The reason for making usury a capital crime was that usury made the debtor a virtual slave to the creditor. While being in debt, a debtor would have to serve the creditor with regular payments until the debt was paid off, with interest. If anything would happen to the debtor while serving the creditor, the repercussions for the debtor's family could be sever. In worst cases a debtor's family would risk starvation and death.
The enactment of this Act put a final end to the civil war, as the reason for the bloodshed, usury, disappeared.
Note that while the act of usury banned the act of earning money on money, it does not make it illegal for a debtor to donate an additional sum to the creditor, as a sign of good will, though this practice became obsolete with the digital revolution.
The act of unlawful suffering was the second law to make capital punishment mandatory. The law was enacted in 421 a.Q by King Zara.
The act describes unlawful suffering as any action, where one by action, or by inaction, causes any inhabitant of Illte to endure suffering beyond what one must naturally expect of life. Unlike The act of usury, this description is left vague by design as it is impossible to construct an exact method of measuring what constitutes suffering beyond what one must naturally expect from life. One thing that can be certain is that this act makes torture a capital crime.
Torture, the act of inflicting severe pain or suffering on a person as punishment, for the purpose of extracting information or a confession, or to intimidate a subject, is clearly outlawed by The act of unlawful suffering. As a minimum one can assume that the use of methods such as corporal punishment, mutilation, and electroshock are included within this concept.
Harassment, the act of regularly intimidating, degrade, and demean someone, by speech, both verbal and written, for the purpose of eliminating the victim as a living being, locally or permanently, can also easily be considered to be causing suffering beyond what one must naturally expect of life.
Since there are no age limit set in the act, and the Courts of Law consider anyone who has the status of Fuqnan to be able to know the difference between right and wrong, school bullying would also be considered as being unlawful suffering, and thus subject to capital punishment.
Rape, сілагаłі (zilagari) /zila:gaɹi/, the act of forcing a serious sexual relation with another person, may also be considered as constituting unlawful suffering, depending on circumstances and pain involved during the action. For obvious reasons, just watching a couple conducting a serious sexual relation in public, while still violating the rape clause of The Freedom of Sex in The natural rights, does not constitute unlawful suffering.
As age, for obvious reasons, does increase the amount of pain involved during the action, up to and including mutilation of the sexual organs due to the action, the younger the victim, the greater the chance of the action constituting unlawful suffering.
Repeated offences will also add up to having caused unlawful suffering, whether it being a single victim or multiple victims.
Murder, the act of willfully ending another's life in violation of The Freedom of Life in The natural rights, may constitute unlawful suffering if the method used would be slow or exceedingly painful. Other methods of murder does not violate The act of unlawful suffering and are therefore not capital crimes. However psycho-medical considerations may apply, resulting in the perpetrator being put to death as a danger to civilized society.
Euthanasia, анлесі (anlezi) /anle:zi/, the act of willfully ending another's life in compliance of The Freedom of Life, while not being murder, may constitute unlawful suffering, if the method used prolongs the death beyond reason or doesn't provide for and secures unconsciousness during the process of dying.
Other consequences of the act
While the previous sections involved actions that most would agree are criminal, the Act of unlawful suffering has other non-criminal consequences.
- Serious sexual relation not violating The Freedom of Sex
- Any serious sexual relations between consenting persons, where one or more inflict pain upon the other participants, where the pain inflicted would, in other circumstances have constituted unlawful suffering, such infliction of pain are considered to be unlawful suffering. See sadomasochism on Wikipedia
- Serious sexual relations between consenting persons, where the physical characteristics of the active participant causes the inactive participant unlawful suffering, may constitute unlawful suffering.
- Serious sexual relations between consenting persons involving the use of over-sized sexual appliances, such as dildoes, нҩтеδłаҫо (nautedrazjo) /nɔtedɹaʃu:/, used to inflict excessive pain, does constitutes unlawful suffering.
- Medical treatments
- Any medical treatments where the treatment regiment would cause a non-polnan child suffering beyond what one must naturally expect of life, violates The act of unlawful suffering.
- Any medical treatments where the treatment would include permanent hospitalization without reprieve, violates The act of unlawful suffering. See notes about feminism in A few words on the terrestrial faiths
- Accidents and mishaps
- Not having two doses of antidote against qarnackfish poison within date, even in a small inflatable dinghy, латін (latin) /latin/, or a beach raft for children, may constitute unlawful suffering if the lack of antidote prolongs the suffering of a victim bitten by a qarnackfish. If your dinghy or beach raft are the only boats nearby, a lack of antidote does constitute unlawful suffering.
- Refusal to end the suffering of a victim of a accident or mishap, when transport to hospital, малаδом (maladom) /ma:ladu:m/, will take an extraordinarily long time, constitutes unlawful suffering.