Nouns

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The declination of nouns in Delang evolved from a simple numeric system into the modern 7-8[1] declinations system. The system includes 3 singular declinations and 4 plurals. All declinations are made by prefixes added to the stem.

 Declinations 
      Indefinite     Definite     Special  
  Singular     ан- (an-) /an-/     δе- (de-) /de-/     capitalization  
  Plural     зе- (ce-) /ze-/     δеѕ-/δес- (des-/dez-) /des-/dez-/      
  Numeric plural     numeral-     ка+ (ka+) /ka+/ -numeral-      


The case system evolved from a basic non-differentiation between cases into a case system including several cases. Delang still retain its non-differentiation between nominative and accusative, a feature that makes translation to and from Delang difficult[2]. Case markings are added in front of any declinations, with the exception of relative genitive, which uses a suffix.

 Cases 
      Nominative/accusative     Possessive genitive     Relative genitive[3]     Illative[4]     Elative[5]  
  Affix         ҩн- (aun-) /ɔn-/     -іљ (-ill) /-iɭ/     ѡе- (we-) /we-/     іс- (iz-) /iz-/  


Note that facing and trailing consonants may change from the lexical stem. Nouns starting with зе (ce) will always change to се (ze) (salt -> a salt -> salts: зелін (celin) /zeli:n/ -> анселін (anzelin) /anzeli:n/ -> зеселін (cezelin) /zezeli:n/). Other changes between hard and soft consonants may be less predictable[6].


  1. The number of declinations may vary upon whether or not you include the lexical stem as a part of the system.
  2. Not helped by Delang's lack of a rigid word order.
  3. Relative genitive are never used on pronouns
  4. into
  5. out of
  6. See Word fusion rules.