The declination of nouns in Delang evolved from a simple numeric system into the modern 7-8 declinations system. The system includes 3 singular declinations and 4 plurals. All declinations are made by prefixes added to the stem.
Declinations Indefinite Definite Special Singular ан- (an-) /an-/ δе- (de-) /de-/ capitalization Plural зе- (ce-) /ze-/ δеѕ-/δес- (des-/dez-) /des-/dez-/ Numeric plural numeral- ка+ (ka+) /ka+/ -numeral-
The case system evolved from a basic non-differentiation between cases into a case system including several cases. Delang still retain its non-differentiation between nominative and accusative, a feature that makes translation to and from Delang difficult. Case markings are added in front of any declinations, with the exception of relative genitive, which uses a suffix.
Cases Nominative/accusative Possessive genitive Relative genitive Illative Elative Affix ҩн- (aun-) /ɔn-/ -іљ (-ill) /-iɭ/ ѡе- (we-) /we-/ іс- (iz-) /iz-/
Note that facing and trailing consonants may change from the lexical stem. Nouns starting with зе (ce) will always change to се (ze) (salt -> a salt -> salts: зелін (celin) /zeli:n/ -> анселін (anzelin) /anzeli:n/ -> зеселін (cezelin) /zezeli:n/). Other changes between hard and soft consonants may be less predictable.
- The number of declinations may vary upon whether or not you include the lexical stem as a part of the system.
- Not helped by Delang's lack of a rigid word order.
- Relative genitive are never used on pronouns
- out of
- See Word fusion rules.